afternoon Cook and would have attempted a further landing, but heavy
surf made this impossible. On noticing the appearance of two canoes
Cook planned to intercept them by surprise, with the idea of taking
the occupants prisoner, offering them gifts, gaining their trust
and then setting them free.
However, the canoe occupants noticed the arrival of
one of the Endeavour's small boats, and attacked as it approached.
The Europeans, firing in self defence, killed or wounded three or
four Māori. Three other Māori who had jumped overboard were
picked up by the Europeans, and taken on board the Endeavour. They
were offered gifts, food and drink, and soon overcame their fear.
Communication was possible via Tupaia, and the next day the three
Māori were taken back to shore, where their armed kinsmen were
waiting. There was no violence on this occasion.
Cook however, upset by the killings which had already
taken place, decided to leave this area. He gave it the name Poverty
Bay, as he had been unable to take on refreshments.
The Endeavour continued to coast Te Matau-a-Maaui
(Maaui's fish hook, or modern Hawkes Bay), on the east coast of
the North Island. Cook named Hawke's Bay after Sir Edward Hawke,
of the Admiralty.
On 15th October, as the Endeavour was off the coast,
a large canoe came alongside. With the help of Tupaia, Cook communicated
with the Māori, who numbered about 20, and trade for fresh fish
commenced. However, as Tupaia's young servant Tayeto, was making
his way to the canoe to accept the fish, he was grabbed by the Māori,
who paddled off with their prisoner at great speed. Cook's men fired
on the canoe, killing one Māori. This gave Tayeto the opportunity
to leap overboard, where he was picked up by the Endeavour.
Because of this event, Cook named the area Kidnapper's
From here the Endeavour continued to Cape Turnagain,
turning to coast the East Cape and the Bay of Plenty. On 3rd November
suitable anchorage was found at Mercury Bay - so named as ten days
were spent here observing the transit of Mercury. Before leaving
Mercury Bay, the date and the ship's name Endeavour were carved
into a tree, and Cook took formal possession of this area. Sailing
further north, the Endeavour arrived at the Bay of Islands.
While navigating around
the northern tip of New Zealand on 13th December, the Endeavour
ran into strong gales off Cape Marie van Diemen, forcing the ship
off course. About nine miles offshore and in daylight hours, the
Endeavour passed by the French ship St Jean-Baptiste, under the
command of Jean-François-Marie de Surville, struggling to remain
on course but in the opposite direction.
The "St Jean Baptise" was a French Indian ship on
a trading mission. Its Commander was looking for a bay in which
to anchor in order to take on fresh water and fruit for his scurvy
ridden crew. The "St Jean-Baptiste" knew nothing of Captain James
Cook and the Endeavour, just a short distance away. Incredibly,
neither the British nor the French sighted each other.
On 17th December the St Jean-Baptiste laid anchor
at Doubtless Bay, in the North Island. The Bay had been given this
name by Captain Cook, as on sighting it for the first time from
afar, he is reported to have said "this is doubtless a bay".
In the beginning of January 1770, as the Endeavour
was sailing down the western coast, Mount Taranaki was sighted.
Cook named it Mount Egmont, after the First Lord of the Admiralty.
On the 14th January, the Endeavour arrived at "a
very broad and deep bay or inlet". The ship was in the
South Island of New Zealand, and in this inlet a perfect anchorage
was found at Ship Cove. Cook named the inlet Queen Charlotte's Sound,
and took formal possession of this area. Friendly relations were
established with the Māori, and trade for fish and fresh vegetables
On 6th February the Endeavour made for Cook Strait,
while surveying the coastline of the South Island. By 13th March
the most southern point of the South Island was rounded, and the
Endeavour commenced coasting up along the west coast. A bay which
was passed as night fell was given the name Dusky Bay.
The Endeavour left New Zealand on 31st March 1770,
after having spent two days in Admiralty Bay refitting the ship.
Cook had just chartered 2 400 miles of New Zealand coastline, in
under 6 months.
Cook was to return to New Zealand on two further occasions,
once in 1773 in command of the Resolution, accompanied by Tobias
Furneaux in command of The Adventure, and again in 1777 in command
of The Resolution, and with Charles Clerke in command of The Discovery.